Every war of the Ottoman Empire that ended in defeat caused hundreds of thousands of people to leave their homeland. After the fall of Crimea and the Caucasus to Russia, large-scale migrations from these countries to the Ottoman Empire began. In 1783, the capture of Crimea by the Russians led to the first large-scale migration of Muslims to the Ottoman Empire. For the Tatars, who had to migrate from the 16th century onwards, Eskişehir became one of the most habitable places for centuries thanks to its geographical location, favorable climatic conditions, underground riches, water resources, developed transportation facilities, and many Tatars settled both in the city center and in the countryside. In fact, Eskişehir is the province with the largest Tatar population in our country today. In this study, the origin of the name Tatar in Eskişehir, where the Crimean, Nogai and Kazan Tatars living in Eskişehir came from and in which regions they were settled, the differences between Crimean and Nogai Tatars, the cultural and folkloric elements specific to the Tatars and especially the Tatars in Eskişehir, the current situation of the Tatars living in Eskişehir and the approximate Tatar population, what has been studied from A to Z on Tatars and Tatar Turkish in the context of Eskişehir from past to present, what has been published and what information has been reached; Postgraduate theses, published books, articles and papers were examined and the observations made by us were brought together and interpreted.
Eskisehir, Tatars, Tatar Turkish, Crimean Tatars, Noghay Tatars, Kazan Tatars.