Abstract


Özbek, Türkmen ve Karakalpak Şairlik Geleneğinde Üç-Satırlı Şiir Tipolojisi
The article is devoted to typology and peculiarity of three-line poem, which was written in uzbek, turkman and karakalpak poetry. Poetry is as the most active genre of literature influencing to the reality of life. Three-line poem appeared in modern Turco languages literatures under the influence of European literature and new tendency of development of poetry in the area of creative work. The article deals with theoretical definition of famous uzbek specialist in literature K. Yulchiev about genre and formal signs of tercet and forms of three-line poem. All these can be certified that three-line poem deeply expand among uzbek, turkman and karakalpak poetry. This article analyzes masterliness of three poets: first is Fahriyor: poet was able to reach affectively using anaptyctic means, providing with emotional energy to the petite poem not averse to use modern technic, impressionistic manner of representation. Second is L. Maksimova: we can observe typical poem of turkman poetess, but strongly emotionally coloured landscape lyric poetry, but not typical for turkman poetry with formal search. Namely that’s the form which lets the author transmit emotion and excited condition of lyric hero accurately and frugally. Three-line poem of L. Maksimova more traditional, intimacy, high emotion, and light-elegic mood are typicaly for her. She uses poetic parallelism actively. Third is B. Genjemuratov: in this behalf his poem which was written in the form of complaint-address to the Supreme Being among Turco people Tangri is typically to his poem. Analyzing we can notice that his poem is rich in thought but poor in words. Poet is trying to think amplitudinous

Keywords
literary relationship, form and content, style, poem , three-line poem