Kıssadan Hisse’nin Yalancıları ve Yalanları

One of the most common phenomena included in the fables in Ahmet Mithat Efendi's work called Kıssadan Hisse is lying. In many fables, one or both of the protagonists resort to lies for various purposes. These purposes are sometimes to get the prey more easily or to get out of a difficult situation. The purpose of this study is to reveal the roles that various lies play, by whom these lies are worth telling, and the consequences of the lies encountered in the readings of Ahmet Mithat Efendi's fable collection named Kıssadan Hisse. Thus, it will be possible to reveal the two sides of a “lie” that are both complementary to and enemies of each other in the desire to please the reader and providing them a real moral teaching. At the same time, a classification of the lies in Kıssadan Hisse can be made. It will be tried to reveal how liars and lies, most of which bear traces of La Fontaine and make up one third of the collection, that are redescribed as worse by Ahmet Mithat Efendi, who is known to be a moralist, have a function in instilling the truth or positive moral values. In the sixteen fables referring to lies or liars that we can identify in Kissadan Hisse, it is seen that "lie" is reprocessed with the pleasures of fiction. On the other hand, it seems like a contradiction that in fables aiming to teach a moral lesson, lying is presented sometimes as a sympathetic way and sometimes as a way to resort to when in a difficult situation.


Ahmet Mithat Efendi, Kıssadan Hisse, Lies, Liars